Thursday, December 22, 2011

KEMPEN MATA (MALAYSIA AMAN TANPA ANWAR) - PART 1 (1997)

Semuanya bermula pada tahun 1997, apabila tembelang Anwar Ibrahim terdedah sedikit demi sedikit . Pada tahun ini juga dua orang pemimpin pembangkang telah mendakwa mengetahui tentang tabiat songsang Anwar . Mereka ialah Karpal Singh dan Mat Sabu, agak ironi apabila Anwar dibebaskan dari penjara, ketiga-tiga mereka ini telah berada dalam kem politik yang sama.



Pada May 1997, semasa Perhimpunan Agung UMNO , Anwar Ibrahim telah memuji melambung-lambung Dr.Mahathir. Videonya boleh dilihat di sini.


Dr. Mahathir pada masa yang sama telah memberikan isyarat yang jelas pada perwakilan bahawa Anwar Ibrahim akan menjadi penggantinya apabila melantik beliau sebagai pemangku Presiden UMNO dan Pemangku Perdana Menteri apabila beliau bercuti selama 2 bulan .

Sekembalinya dari bercuti, Dr. Mahathir telah menerima sepucuk surat dari Ummi Hafilda mengenai salah laku moral Anwar Ibrahim. Surat ini telah dikirimkan pada Ogos 1997.

Surat Ummi Hafilda kepada Dr. Mahathir boleh dibaca pada pautan disini . Dr. Mahathir dalam laman blog beliau menceritakan tentang reaksi beliau mengenai tuduhan kes liwat Anwar pada tahun 1998. Klik disini untuk bacaan lebih lanjut.

Walaupun telah menerima surat dari Ummi Hafilda, Dr. Mahathir mungkin masih memberi peluang kepada Anwar dan percaya itu adalah kerja musuh-musuh politik Anwar , dan pada masa yang sama beliau sendiri membuat siasatan. Klik disini untuk penjelasan Dr. Mahathir mengenai respon surat yang diterima. Anwar masih dikekalkan jawatannya sebagai Timbalan Perdana Menteri.

Pada December 1997, Anwar Ibrahim telah mencadangkan dasar pro-IMF untuk atasi krisis ekonomi Asia yang terkena tempiasnya pada negara2 Asia Tenggara termasuk Malaysia. Anwar Ibrahim telah mencadangkan supaya perbelanjaan kerajaan dipotong, menangguhkan projek2 yang tak strategik, menaikkan kadar faedah bank dan lain lain lagi. Dari petikan buku The Political Economy of the Asian Financial Crisis tulisan Stephan Haggard di mukasurat 61 mengesahkan hal ini.


Beberapa penulisan ilmiah lain juga mengesahkan hal ini, contohnya Malaysia's Challenge to IMF : A Lesson on Method tulisan Michael Billington . Antara petikan yang menarik mengenai betapa Anwar bersungguh-sungguh membawa dasar IMF di Malaysia adalah seperti berikut ;

"The IMF had its supporters within Malaysia, and they used them to full advantage to attempt to bring down the recalcitrant Mahathir regime. Foremost among the IMF assets was Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Anwar Ibrahim, whom Dr. Mahathir had once chosen as his likely successor. This reviewer had appealed directly to Anwar in the year before the crisis, in a public letter, to reflect on his failed worldview, after Anwar published a book called The Asian Renaissance. The book utterly misinterpreted the European Renaissance, confusing it with the degenerate worldview of the Enlightenment, which rejected all universal truth in favor of a bestial concept of man devoid of any higher moral purpose. Worse, Anwar praised the leading spokesmen for the British Empire's economic policies, Adam Smith and Bernard de Mandeville, as proponents of a highly moral approach to economic policy, through radical free trade and the pursuit of personal greed!
As the speculative assault on the Asian economies unfolded, Dr. Mahathir made clear that Malaysia would not accept IMF help, due to the destructive conditionalities placed on all IMF loans. However, Anwar, as Finance Minister, announced a budget in October 1998 which was recognized worldwide as "an IMF program without the IMF." Sounding every bit like an IMF representative, Anwar told the Wall Street Journal in December 1997, "We have reached a stage where we must undertake further strategic but painful measures to strengthen the nation's resilience so that we can withstand any systemic risks. We'll have to take the these tough measures if we want to help ourselves."
Dr. Mahathir, reflecting back on this period in a February 1999 interview, said: "Although we didn't ask for any loans from the IMF, the IMF kept on coming here and telling us what we must do, which is that in order to stop currency traders, we must raise interest rates. We must squeeze credit. We must force companies to go bankrupt by shortening the period for non-performing loans. At that time the IMF had a lot of influence over the then Minister of Finance [Anwar] and the Central Bank. They followed IMF conditions." In an interview with Dr. Tourres in January 2002, Dr. Mahathir said that Anwar "kept wanting to cut the operating expenditures ... , wages ... , development expenditures.... Either he did not understand, or he was too influenced by the IMF. He even scolded his Ministers for not cutting further."
In an interview with EIR in January 1999, when asked for his comments on the economic advice given by Lyndon LaRouche to Mexico and others, Dr. Mahathir responded: "This kind of contact must serve a useful purpose, and we would welcome that, certainly. Unfortunately, of course, the words are passed around that the EIR is a fascist grouping, which is trying to—this is told to me by some of your detractors, including my former deputy [Anwar], who told me earlier that EIR is a fascist paper, so we shouldn't listen to it. So that is the way of undermining any attempts on your part to try and promote the kind of ideas the EIR has always been focused on."

Agak menarik isu berkenaan pinjaman World Bank yang dibuat oleh Anwar Ibrahim semasa beliau masih menjadi Menteri Kewangan di mainkan sekarang. Kita tahu Anwar dipecat pada Sept 1998, 3 pinjaman World Bank telah diluluskan pada June 1998 iaitu untuk Pembiayaan dan Makanan, Pengajian Tinggi dan Program Mikrokredit. Pada March 1999,  3 pembiayaan World Bank yang telah diluluskan ini walau bagaimanapun atas permintaan kerajaan Malaysia pada masa itu, ia dihentikan . Permohonan dan perbincangan mengenai pembiayaan ini dibuat dari sela masa 1997 hingga June 1998 semasa Anwar masih lagi memegang jawatan sebagai Menteri Kewangan. Walaupun pembiayaan dihentikan Malaysia masih berupaya bangkit dari krisis ekonomi.

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